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We at Sobriety Nation are dedicated to providing continuous, up-to-date information on alcoholism and drug addiction in addition to the effects they have on individuals and communities. Our hope is that the testimonies and studies supplied here will assist in raising awareness to the general public and help guide families and the addicts themselves toward the road to recovery and freedom from the spiritual and physical bondage of alcoholism and drug addiction. TOGETHER WE CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE!

 


~ National Center of Alcoholism and Drug Dependence: Drugs and Alcohol in the Workplace ~


The Nation Center of Alcoholism and Drug Dependence has done research on the effects in the workplace. This article will assist in providing insight into the ripple effect an active alcoholic or drug addicts behavior will have. Drugs and Alcohol in the Workplace

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Alcohol and drug use among employees and their family members can be an expensive problem for business and industry, with issues ranging from lost productivity, absenteeism, injuries, fatalities, theft and low employee morale, to an increase in health care, legal liabilities and workers' compensation costs.

The impact of alcoholism and drug dependence in the workplace often focuses on four major issues:

Premature death/fatal accidents

Injuries/accident rates

Absenteeism/extra sick leave

Loss of production

Additional problem areas can include:

Tardiness/sleeping on the job

After-effects of substance use (hangover, withdrawal) affecting job performance

Poor decision making

Loss of efficiency

Theft

Lower morale of co-workers

Increased likelihood of having trouble with co-workers/supervisors or tasks

Preoccupation with obtaining and using substances while at work, interfering with attention and concentration

Illegal activities at work including selling illicit drugs to other employees

Higher turnover

Training of new employees

Disciplinary procedures

In addition, family members living with someone’s alcoholism or drug use may also suffer significant job performance related problems -- including absenteeism, lack of focus, increased health-related problems and use of health insurance.

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~ The National Business Group of Health - Center for Prevention and Health Services ~

Here you will find 'The Employers Guide to Workplace Substance Abuse: Strategies and Treatment Recommendations

This document will provide a list of indicators to identify employees who may be suffering from substance abuse and what ways, as an employer, you may be able to help. Click on the link below to see the full study.

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~ The Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion ~


Goal
Reduce substance abuse to protect the health, safety, and quality of life for all, especially children.

Overview
In 2005, an estimated 22 million Americans struggled with a drug or alcohol problem. Almost 95 percent of people with substance use problems are considered unaware of their problem.* Of those who recognize their problem, 273,000 have made an unsuccessful effort to obtain treatment. These estimates highlight the importance of increasing prevention efforts and improving access to treatment for substance abuse and co-occurring disorders.


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Why Is Substance Abuse Important?
Substance abuse has a major impact on individuals, families, and communities. The effects of substance abuse are cumulative, significantly contributing to costly social, physical, mental, and public health problems. These problems include:

Teenage pregnancy
Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS)
Other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
Domestic violence
Child abuse
Motor vehicle crashes
Physical fights
Crime
Homicide
Suicide


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~ Defining features of drug intoxication & addiction traced to disruptions in neuron-to neuron signaling ~


Carl Sherman, NIDA Notes Contributing Writer; updated by NIDA Notes staff

Drugs can alter the way people think, feel, and behave by disrupting neurotransmission, the process of communication between neurons (nerve cells) in the brain. Many scientific studies conducted over decades have established that drug dependence and addiction are features of an organic brain disorder caused by drugs’ cumulative impacts on neurotransmission. Scientists continue to build on this essential understanding with experiments to further elucidate the physiological factors that make a person prone to using drugs, as well as the full dimensions and progression of the disorder. The findings provide powerful leads for developing new medications and behavioral treatments.
This second article in our NIDA Notes Reference Series discusses the central importance of studying drugs’ effects on neurotransmission and describes some of the most common experimental methods used in this research. As with other articles in the series (see “Animal Experiments in Addiction Science”), we provide illustrative references from articles published in NIDA Notes.


illustration of a synapse showing mechanism of signalling between neurons using neurotransmitters, neuron receptors and neuron transporters.

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